Dogwoods space beautiful flower deciduous trees and also shrubs v distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and also leaves. Most varieties of dogwood room fast-growing ornamental trees the are right for garden landscapes. Some species of dogwoods look choose shrubs together they are tiny shrubby multi-stemmed plants. Flowering dogwood trees prosper in full sun and carry out year-long attention in residential gardens.
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This short article is a substantial guide to the most popular and spectacular arrays of dogwood trees and shrubs. Descriptions and pictures the dogwoods will assist identify the finest trees for cultivation in your backyard.
Flowering Dogwood Trees
Flowering dogwood trees are tiny to medium size trees. They include decorative touch to any garden
Flowering dogwood trees room perennial varieties of woody tree belonging come the genus Cornus. Dogwood tree burst right into life when they bloom in spring v clusters that flowers. Dogwood flower are generally white, yet some varieties produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms.
Dogwood tree are tiny to medium-sized trees, growing in between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. The flowering tree are typically single-trunk decorate trees through white spring flowers and green summer foliage that revolve reddish-purple in the fall. The distinctive bark the dogwood trees provides these trees basic to identify.
Flowering dogwood trees have actually a fast expansion rate. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their complete height within ten years.
To flourish dogwood trees, tree them in partial shade or complete sun. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil the is always moist. Although the tiny decorative trees prosper in partial shade, they will grow well in complete sun if friend water castle regularly.
One reason why flowering dogwood tree are well-known is the they room low-maintenance garden trees. Most dogwood varieties have a rounded to level crown that needs little—if any—pruning. After the large shrubs or tiny trees space established, friend only should water them frequently on hot summer days.
Dogwood leaves rotate beautiful reddish color in autumn
Dogwood tree pipeline are figured out by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and also smooth edges. Dogwood leaves room classified as an easy tree leaves that flourish in an opposite arrangement on stems. However, some species of dogwood have actually leaves that prosper alternately. Dogwood leaves measure 2” come 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded kind tapers come a point.
Scaly bark of flower dogwood (Cornus florida)
Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is just one of its distinctive identifying features. On many varieties the dogwoods, the gray-brown bark has actually an unusual pattern the same, similar thing alligator skin. This is among the dogwoods’ features that offer the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape.
Dogwood flowers room usually white, yet can likewise be pink or yellow
Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Part dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers.
Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounding by big white petal-like bracts. Various other dogwood species have larger and an ext open swarm of petals.
Flowering dogwood tree bloom native mid-March with May. The masses that white flowers contrast with light green foliage to create a magnificent shade tree.
Dogwood berries. Left come right: fruit of Cornus mas, C. Alba ‘Sibirica’, C. Kousa, and also C. Sanguinea)
Dogwoods trees develop berry-like fruit in assorted colors, shapes and also sizes. Part dogwood berry look prefer bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in chop clusters. Others have the right to be purple-black or white.
Some varieties of dogwood trees have actually poisonous berry-like drupe, and also some space edible. So, if you have a dogwood tree farming in her backyard and also you don’t know its species, you do not do it consume the drupes. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals.
Dogwood trees are basic to recognize as result of their characteristics bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. To determine dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark the looks like alligator skin. Then, see if the leaves space elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a spicy tip. Also, pronounced bent veins are very distinguishable ~ above dogwood leaves.
Types of flowering Dogwood tree (With Pictures)
Flowering dogwood tree are renowned ornamental trees because that residential garden landscapes. Let’s look in an ext detail at few of the ideal dogwood trees for farming in prior or backyards.
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and also flowers
Flowering dogwood is the usual name for the varieties Cornus florida. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which room actually bracts (modifies leaves). Some types of tree create pinkish or red petals, make the flowering tree even much more attractive. After flowering, red inedible fruit appear.
The flowering dogwood tree is a small- come medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and also 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). A characteristic function of this dogwood species is the flat, contempt rounded crown. The spread of the crown is usually an ext expansive 보다 the tree is tall. Flowering dogwoods grow in USDA zones 5 through 9.
When masses of flowers bloom throughout April and also May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. Many people rate flower dogwoods together the most appealing of all the indigenous North American flowering trees.
The flower dogwood (Cornus florida) is the state tree of Virginia and Missouri.
Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square trends surrounded by deep ridges. The dogwood bark has actually a unique scaly appearance.
Flowering dogwood tree bark
Dogwood leaves: flowering dogwood tree leaves room oval-shaped with breakable noticeable veins. Leaves on this dogwood types grow in an alternating leaf arrangement.
Flowering dogwood leaves
Kousa Dogwood / Japanese Dogwood (Cornus kousa)
Japanese dogwood (Cornus kousa) tree
The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree the produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flower in spring. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows thick green foliage that transforms bright red in the fall. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark cultivation in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter.
Other names because that the Kousa dogwood tree room Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. The small-medium tree grows in between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. The horizontal branching creates an attractive rounded crown the oval, spicy leaves. The eco-friendly foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall.
The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood through bright yellow and also green colors. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree v a drooping development habit.
Cornus kousa ‘Lustgarten Weeping’
Dogwood bark: Kousa dogwood tree bark is thin and smooth that peels to give the bark a distinctive mottled appearance.
Japanese dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, farming up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Leaves flourish in an opposite setup on branches.
Japanese dogwood leaves and flowers
Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and also Pagoda dogwood flowers
The pagoda dogwood is a big flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Pagoda dogwoods have clusters of small creamy-white-colored flowers cultivation in a flowerhead. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches through upturned tips. ~ flowering, little black drupes on red stalks appear.
The pagoda dogwood grows in between 15 and also 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Maturation pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Flower multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or little tree, grows ideal in partial the shade to full sun as lengthy as the ground drains well and also is kept moist.
Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures.
Pagoda dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Pagoda dogwood leaves are bright green with express veining stretching to the smooth edges. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color.
Pagoda dogwood leaves
Cornelian Cherry Dogwood (Cornus mas)
Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas)
The Cornelian cherry dogwood varieties is a little flowering tree or medium to huge deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, environment-friendly oblong leaves, and red berries. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have actually showy feather flowers. However, the dogwood blooms right into life in later winter, developing clusters the yellow flowers prior to the leaves appear.
Also dubbed the europe cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. Farming as a huge shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are right if you want to plant them as a flower hedge plant or screen.
After the little yellow flowers end up blooming, red edible fruit appear. Although the fruit look like huge berries, they are drupes similar to cherries.
Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns.
Cornelian cherry dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves thrive up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. The dark-green leaves rotate a dark purple shade in the fall.
Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers
Mountain Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii)
Young tree of hill dogwood and flowers
The hill dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree the produces large star-shaped flowers and has large oval leaves. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has actually a rounded crown that is attractive in every seasons. In spring, the hill dogwood is covered in white flowers, climate in summer, dark environment-friendly foliage, before transforming spectacular orange and red shade in the fall.
Mountain dogwood tree grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. This deciduous trees are typically found in coniferous and also mixed coastal forests. However, the beautiful dogwood is likewise popular together a specimen tree in garden landscapes.
Mountain dogwood tree are native to the Western united States and also related to the Cornus florida tree.
Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray v patches that white. The exfoliating bark peels in places.
Mountain dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: mountain dogwood tree pipeline are big elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. The an easy leaves grow oppositely top top stems.
Mountain dogwood leaves
Giant Dogwood (Cornus controversa)
Giant dogwood (Cornus controversa) tree
Giant dogwood trees room medium-sized deciduous trees with a rounded expansion habit. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters that creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. These splendid dogwood trees flourish up come 40 ft. (12 m) tall v a similar size spread.
Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray through a smooth feel and also shallow veins.
Giant dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree pipeline are wide oval leaves approximately 6” (15 cm) long. Leaves on gigantic dogwood stems thrive in an alternating arrangement.
Giant dogwood leaves and flowers
Wedding Cake Tree — gigantic Dogwood (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’)
Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’)
The variegated large dogwood tree is among the many stunning dogwood trees for gardens. The single-stemmed tree has actually a slender trunk through a dispersing rounded canopy that layered branches. In spring, showy white flowers show up to develop an eye-catching floral display. The ovate leaves room light eco-friendly with creamy-white edges.
Wedding cake dogwood tree are smaller than the huge dogwood types tree and grow as much as 25 ft. (8 m) tall.
Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has actually smooth greenish-gray bark through shallow grooves.
Bark of a young wedding cake tree
Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong through dark eco-friendly centers surrounding by cream-colored margins. These dogwood leaves have a rather wrinkled look.
Wedding cake tree leaves and also flowers
Evergreen Dogwood (Cornus capitata)
Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers
The evergreen dogwood tree is one ornamental tree the grows approximately 40 ft. (12 m) tall. Likewise named Himalayan strawberry-tree, the distinctive characteristic that this dogwood species is the it has actually evergreen leaf in heat climates. Fragrant creamy-white flower bloom in spring and also summer. After ~ flowering, evergreen dogwoods create sweet, edible red berry-like fruits.
Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has actually brown-gray bark v shallow scales.
Evergreen dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves room dull green and also may revolve reddish in autumn. They space ovate come lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and also arranged in opposite pairs.
Evergreen dogwood leaves
Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii)
Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) young tree (left), leaves and also flowers (right)
The roughleaf dogwood tree is a little flowering tree through dark green oblong, spicy leaves and white summer flower clusters. This dogwood species’ typical name describes the leaves with a turbulent texture ~ above the upper side and also a furry underside. The flower on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have actually the showy white bracts that some famous garden dogwoods.
Cornus drummondii grows in between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Some say the the pipeline of roughleaf dogwood give off a tart milk scent.
Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown ~ above immature trees. As the dogwood matures, the bark i do not care scaly and flaky before arising into block-like patterns.
Roughleaf dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves have an oval form with a rounded base and pointed tip. The basic leaves flourish in one opposite plan on reddish-colored or green stems.
Types of little Flowering Dogwood tree or Shrubs (With Pictures)
Dogwoods space generally little to medium-sized flower trees. However, some varieties of dogwood have actually a reasonably short or dwarf farming size, and some of them have shrubby development habit. This makes tiny dogwood trees or shrubs an ideal for compact gardens or for farming as a lawn plant.
Here are some of the species of small dogwood tree or shrubs.
Red Twig Dogwood (Cornus alba)
Red twig dogwood (Cornus alba)
Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or huge shrub. This ornamental landscaping dogwood tree has actually clusters that white flowers growing in rounded flower heads. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins the stretch towards the pointed tips. Among the outstanding functions of Cornus alba is that is spectacular red winter bark.
Also referred to as Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees room cold-hardy tree that make it through in zones 3 through 7. Red twig dogwoods thrive up come 10 ft. (3 m) high. Back they space classed as a little tree, most specimens flourish as multi-stemmed shrubs.
Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have actually thin trunk that become bright red in so late fall and winter.
Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter
Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood tree leaves room ovate to lanceolate through a rounded base and smooth margins. The basic shrub leaves thrive in an opposite plan on twigs.
Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and also flowers
‘Wolf eyes’ Japanese Dogwood (Cornus kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’)
‘Wolf eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves
‘Wolf eyes’ dogwood is a tiny tree or multi stemmed shrub i beg your pardon is a smaller cultivar that the famous Cornus kousa tree. This multi-trunk, little flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped expansion that progressively becomes rounded. As a small tree or huge shrub, the ‘Wolf eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. The distinctive attribute of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers v pointed white petals (bracts).
Dogwood bark: ‘Wolf eyes’ Japanese dogwood bark is scaly and exfoliating. The grayish bark peels turn off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath.
Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf eye Japanese dogwood leaves room variegated lance-shaped pipeline with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins.
Stiff Dogwood (Cornus foemina)
Stiff dogwood (Cornus foemina)
Stiff dogwood is a little flowering tree or big shrub v multiple trunks. The dogwood plant has dark glossy green foliage comprised of sharp oval leaves. Clusters of small white flowers bloom in spring and also summer before producing dark blue drupes. Stiff dogwood trees prosper up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high.
Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an uncomfortable smell.
Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown come gray that exfoliates to reveal amazing patterns on the straight, slim trunks.
Dogwood leaves: stiff dogwood tree leaves are straightforward leaves v a smooth feel that space dark green. The long, lanceolate leaves rotate a deep red or purple color in the fall.
Stiff dogwood leaves and also flowers
Bloodtwig Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’)
Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’)
Also called usual dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a huge ornamental shrub with fiery fancy twigs and stems. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. This shrubby plant has clusters of tiny white flowers, oval-pointed leaves, and also distinctive red bark. Bloodtwig dogwood grow in warmth sunny locations and also is native to Europe.
Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs v stiff branches spanned with red-colored bark.
Bloodtwig dogwood twigs in winter
Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate eco-friendly leaves. As with all types of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and also a pointed tip.
Bloodtwig dogwood leaves and also flowers
Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)
Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea) shrub
Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that offers decorative element with the red twigs in the winter. Likewise called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast cultivation medium to huge sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. That spreads conveniently by underground runners, therefore make sure to eliminate them to regulate spread.
The flowers of red osier dogwood are little and white and grow in clusters. The fruit is a ring attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size.
Red osier dogwood needs well-draining, wealthy moist soil, and also grows fine in full sun or partly shaded areas.
Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have actually bark v beautiful reddish color which add to a focal allude during winter time.
Red osier twigs in winter
Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves space dark green with paler dull eco-friendly underside and also are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. The dogwood leaves space ovate come oblong shape and grow opposite. During autumn the leaves revolve red-purple in color.
Red osier leaves and also flowers
Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa)
Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) shrub
Gray dogwood is a big deciduous shrub the is also called northern swamp dogwood and also panicle dogwood. This shrubby dogwood has actually a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send increase suckers.
Gray dogwood generally grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that rotate reddish-purple in autumn. The tiny white flowers room grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that rotate white once ripened.
Gray dogwood flowers
Dogwood bark: brand-new bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that transforms to gray as the twigs mature.
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Gray dogwood bark
Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has environment-friendly leaves that space lance-shaped and also have fewer veins than other dogwood species. The dogwood leaves space oppositely arranged and also are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm) long.
Gray dogwood leaves
Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – to know (With Pictures) to be last modified: November 26th, 2020 by no_name12