Energetically research Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong assumed to construct a rich, strong and prosperous brand-new China!, 1952

Since the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party, Marxism (and later on Marxism-Leninism) has been the guiding ideological background for every its actions. It is comprised of the contributions of knife Marx, Friedrich Engels, V.I. Lenin and Joseph Stalin. This theoretical structure has to be enriched through Mao Zedong Thought, which is viewed as the sinification that Marxism-Leninism by Mao Zedong. Because the late 1950s, China’s ideological foundation is made up of two elements: Marxism-Leninism as concept (pure ideology) and also Mao Zedong assumed as "thought" (practical ideology). Throughout the cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong assumed was specifically ascribed to Mao’s genius. According to Lin Biao, researching Marxism-Leninism consisted for 99% of studying Mao’s Thought. Once Mao’s contributions were reassessed in the 1980s, it was taken as the cumulative wisdom of China’s veteran revolutionary leaders.

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Karl Marx

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Friedrich Engels

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V.I. Lenin

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Joseph Stalin

The portraits that the starting fathers of Marxism-Leninism have been displayed on Tiananmen Square top top every chance of nationwide importance: Marx and Engels on the next of the Museum that the Chinese Revolution, Lenin and Stalin top top the side of the great Hall of the People, all encountering Mao’s portrait affixed to the Forbidden City. The portrait of sunlight Yatsen, the dad of the Chinese Revolution, is usually placed in the middle.

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Sun Yatsen

Irreverent Chinese used to call these five portraits "The history of Shaving": native the mustache Marx and also Engels to the goateed Lenin come the mustachioed Sun and Stalin, culminating in the hairless face of Mao.

The validity of the ideological framework was affirmed in the at an early stage 1980s, as soon as Deng Xiaoping had Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong believed in the Four basic Principles, i beg your pardon in turn have actually been included in the Constitution. ~ Deng’s fatality in 1997, Jiang Zemin has actually been advocating the consists of "Deng Xiaoping Theory" in the canon. This has as however not led to the addition of Deng’s portrait come the pantheon that Marxist theory.

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At the exact same time, Jiang has been proactively working ~ above his own contribution come China’s ideological complex. In 2000, his theory of the "three represents" was very first presented. The concept focusses top top the future function of the CCP as "a faithful representative of the demands in the advance of advanced productive forces in China, the orientation the the advanced culture in China, and the basic interests of the broadest masses the the human being in China." The "Represents" were embraced at the 16th Party congress in November 2002 and written right into the Party Constitution. In march 2003, the nationwide People’s Congress made decision to have them contained in the State Constitution. In June 2003, the media started to promote a new campaign to research Jiang concept with the call to "whip up a brand-new high birds to study and implement the vital thought the the ‘Three Represents’".

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Long live Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong thought!, ca. 1968


Kwok-sing Li (editor) & mar Lok (translator), A navard of Political regards to the People’s Republic that China (Hong Kong: The Chinese University press 1995)

Helmut Martin, Cult & Canon - The beginnings and breakthrough of State Maoism (Armonk, NY, etc.: M.E. Sharpe Inc., 1982)

Franz Schurmann, Ideology and Organization in Communist China (new, enlarged edition) (Berkeley, etc.: college of California press 1968)

Ye Duchu et al. (eds), Dangyuan ganbu "sange daibiao" duben (Beijing: Hongqi chubanshe, 2000)