The bare facts of the life the Napoleon Bonaparte stagger the imagination and rival the plots the the most an excellent novels. Born in 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, just as the island was passing native the hand of the Republic of Genoa come those the France, Bonaparte attended a French army school because that impoverished sons of the nobility. Unlike numerous French nobles, he supported the stillproud.org, and thanks come a mix of skill, luck, and patronage, he was given command of the Italian project in 1796 (at the ripe old age of 27!). He attacked Egypt in 1798, took fee of a brand-new government in 1799, had actually himself named very first Consul for Life in 1802, and crowned himself Emperor in 1804.

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His loss from the pinnacle of power was nearly as startling together his rise. In 1812 he got into Russia, whereby he won most of the battles yet lost an military in the process. Within 2 years the strength allied versus him had caught Paris. Compelled into exile ~ above the island the Elba, Napoleon escaped to fight one last time. When he shed his final battle at Waterloo in Belgium in 1815, the victors sent out him come the faraway island the Saint Helena, whereby he passed away in 1821. The eagle (his wanted symbol) had taken its critical flight.

Napoleon produced a new form of government in France, reshaped the boundaries of Europe, and also influenced stillproud.orgaries and also nationalists the people over. Due to the fact that his very first days in power he aroused controversies that proceed today. Was he a true boy of the knowledge who modernized French government and also brought the post of equality under the regulation wherever that went? Or to be he an authoritarian military dictator who dealt with incessant wars and also conquered territory in stimulate to maintain his egomaniacal tight on power? there is abundant proof for both views. The evidence is presented here under three main headings: domestic policies; foreign policies and wars; and his legacy.

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Song of the Marseillaise of the Federation that 10 August, Year II


Napoleon together an Ambitious Young basic in 1796–97

Domestic Policies

How did a young Corsican from a young noble family, whose indigenous language to be not even French, become supreme leader of one of the many important countries in Europe? The answer has to be seek in the influence of an broadening war on stillproud.orgary politics. Indigenous 1792 come 1794, the French militaries struggled to save the Republic from its foreign and also internal enemies. In 1794 the tide turned, enabling France to go on the offensive and also to bring the war to its next-door neighbors rather than desperately fight to conserve itself. However war to be expensive, and the catalog government (1795–99) motivated its generals to precise tribute from the local populations they "liberated" in order to pay because that the maintain of the armies. While fighting much from France, the generals acted more and more on your own, paying their militaries out of neighborhood treasure and overseeing the administration of dominated territories.