On February 23, 1836, Mexican basic Santa Anna besieged Colonel wilhelm B. Travis and some 200 Texas self-reliance fighters at a former Franciscan mission well-known as the Alamo. The Texans were outnumbered and also outgunned, but they held out because that 13 grueling days till March 6, once the mexicans stormed the fort and also killed almost all that is defenders. The loss was catastrophic—Travis, James Bowie and also famed frontiersman Davy Crockett all died—but the Texans’ ship under fire aided galvanize their compatriots. General Sam Houston and others used the rallying cry “Remember the Alamo” to whet their troops’ appetite because that vengeance, and also in April 1836, the Texans routed a premium Mexican army and also captured Santa Anna at the battle of san Jacinto. “Remember the Alamo” lived on also after the joined States annexed Texas in 1845, and was later revitalized by U.S. Troops throughout the Mexican-American War.
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“It was the ugliest sound that any type of mortal ever heard—even a mortal exhausted and unnerved by two days of hard fighting, there is no sleep, there is no rest, there is no food and also without hope.” that was legend writer and also Union military veteran Ambrose Bierce’s summary of the “rebel yell,” the notorious fight cry that Confederate forces throughout the polite War. This banshee scream to be the Confederacy’s calling card for most of the war, but its sound has actually long been the subject of debate. Later on recordings that elderly southern veterans it seems to be ~ to show that it was a shrill yelp the resembled the speak to of a coyote, despite it may have varied native unit come unit. Whatever it sound like, the yell was thought about an indispensable tool on the battlefield. Sublieutenant Colonel A.J.L. Fremantle, a brothers observer at Gettysburg, provided that, “Confederate policemans declare that the rebel yell has a particular merit, and always produces a salutary and also useful impact upon your adversaries. A corps is sometimes talked of as a ‘good yelling regiment.’”
When castle marched towards their opponents in their organized phalanx formations, old Greek troops typically belted out fight hymns, or “paeans,” designed come invoke the god Apollo and help calm your nerves. When within to mark distance, however, they would certainly cease their singing and also break into a full-throated fight cry the “Alala!” or “Eleleu!” if banging your weapons against their shields to spook foe horses. When voiced by hundreds of spear-wielding hoplites, this cries were stated to resemble the sound of flocks of screeching birds, and also they were so renowned that the old writer Pindar even addressed lock in a fifth century B.C. Poem. “Hear me, Alala,” that wrote, “daughter that Ares, prelude of the spears, girlfriend to whom men loss as offerings for your homeland in death’s holy sacrifice.”
4. “There is no land for us past the Volga.”
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In the summer of 1942, German pressures closed in on the Soviet city of Stalingrad, an industrial hub nestled along the banks of the Volga River. The Nazis hoped to steamroll their means through the city in a issue of weeks, however they soon uncovered themselves locked in a cataclysmic fight through the Soviet Red Army, which surrendered ground reluctantly and only at good cost come the invaders. This to be due in component to the brutal policies of Joseph Stalin, who instituted a “Not One action Back” policy and executed countless his own men, but it was additionally thanks come the grit the the Soviet soldiers, who announced your intention to fight come the last v the rallying cry, “There is no land because that us past the Volga.” The stalwart defenders withstood months that frantic block-to-block combat until late-1942, as soon as a Soviet counterattack encircled the Nazis and boxed them inside the city. The Germans surrendered only a couple of months later, sealing what countless historians think about the most important Allied success of world War II. The renowned “no land past the Volga” battle cry was later inscribed top top a monument come the defenders that Stalingrad.