Typically, the upper component of a bryophyte capsule that has the spores features a ring the interlocking, tooth-like structures well-known as the __________.

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A. SetaB. StrobiliC. ProtonemaD. MicrophyllE. Peristome
The tissue dubbed phloem has what role in vascular plants?
A. Dispersal the sporesB. Conduction the water and mineralsC. Bearing of sporangiaD. Circulation of sugars, amino acids, and also other essential productsE. Absorption of water and minerals native the soil
Where would you find a fern gametophyte?
A. In a freshwater streamB. ~ above the underside of the sheet (frond)C. Top top moist soilD. Attached come the secret stem (rhizoids)E. Within a dissected seed
Which of the adhering to is a genus in the phylum Monilophyta?
A. SphagnumB. MarchantiaC. EquisetumD. IsoetesE. Selaginella
Water is brought into mosses mainly by __________.
A. RhizoidsB. Diffusion v all cellsC. LeavesD. XylemE. Roots
A major division in tree systematics is based on whether a particular types has __________.
A. Vascular tissueB. SporophytesC. Apical meristemsD. Alternation of generationsE. Gametophytes
Which the the adhering to is true that the life bicycle of bryophytes?
A. Gametes room transported v mutualisms through animalsB. The gametophyte remains attached to and also dependent on the sporophyteC. No one of the listed statements is true that the life bicycle of mossesD. A moist setting is required for sexual reproductionE. Reproduction is only asexual
In what method do megasporangia differ from microsporangia?
A. Megasporangia room possessed just by vascular plants, wheras microsporangia are existing on every land plantsB. Microsporangia room the beforehand developmental step of megasporangiaC. Megasporangia develop spores that build into mrs gametophytes, vice versa, microsporangia produce spores that build into masculine gametophytesD. Megasporangia produce countless times the variety of spores produced by microsporangiaE. Megasporangia produce spores the are protected by sporopollenin, vice versa, microsporangia create naked spores
C. Megasporangia create spores that construct into woman gametophytes, conversely, microsporangia produce spores that develop into male gametophytes
The embryophytes are __________.
A. The masses of one-cell-thick filaments v which mosses absorb water and also mineralsB. The frameworks of a moss that produce and house eggsC. The haploid phase in plant alteration of generationsD. The land plantsE. A protist group that possesses few of the reproductive traits of plants
The breakthrough of the __________ stays clear of plants from drying out and protects them from microbes.
A. FlavonoidB. Apical meristemC. GametangiaD. StomataE. Cuticle
The "dots" on the underside the a fern frond space spore cases; therefore, what is true that the tree to i beg your pardon the frond belongs?
A. It is a gameteB. The is a sporeC. That is a spermatophyteD. The is a sporophyteE. The is a gametophyte
In sporophyte ferns, the leaves are __________.

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A. MegaphyllsB. BladesC. MicrophyllsD. SporangiaE. Thalli
Which is a crucial difference between alternation that generations in plants and also sexual reproduction in nonplant organisms?
A. In other sexually reproducing organisms, the blend of gametes creates a zygote prior to an embryoB. In plants, the haploid and diploid stages space both multicellularC. In other sexually reproducing organisms, the haploid and also diploid generations are both multicellularD. In plants, only the haploid stage is multicellularE. In plants, the haploid generation is always dependent on the diploid generation
What properties of Sphagnum peatlands is responsible because that their ability to inhibit decomposition?
A. All of the listed characteristics inhibit decompositionB. Phenolic compounds created by SphagnumC. Short pHD. Low temperatureE. Short oxygen
What is advantage is conferred to algae and also plants the possess sporopollenin?
A. Reproductive cell are an ext resistant to desiccationB. Spores are defended by toxins the deter consumptionC. Sex-related reproduction can happen through the move of pollenD. Asexual reproduction is possibleE. The haploid stage of the life cycle have the right to be eliminated
Fern gametophytes space __________.
A. Produced from haploid gametesB. Free-living, multicellular organismsC. Uncovered on the underside the fern pipeline (fronds)D. Component of the asexual life cycleE. Photosynthetic diploid organisms
Sori have the right to be found in i beg your pardon of the following?
A. PterophytesB. MossesC. HornwortsD. CharophyceansE. Liverworts
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