Queen Victoria served as the judgment monarch of good Britain, India and also Ireland from 1837. Her fatality on January 22, 1901 finished the 63-year duration that declared her name and also was a an excellent shock stillproud.orgme both the british Empire and many nations additional afield.
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When walk Victoria die?
Queen Victoria died at the period of 81 on 22 January 1901 in ~ 6.30 pm. She passed far at Osbourne residence on the Isle the Wight, surrounded by she children and grandchildren. This had the future King, Edward VII and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.
Her death significant the finish of an era where plenty of of her subjects knew no various other monarch. Her 63-year power was the longest in british history, until Queen Elizabeth II.
Victoria passed away of a cerebral haemorrhage, i m sorry is a form of stroke. However, the Queen had actually been growing weaker for number of years before her death.
Her eyesight had end up being clouded through cataracts, and she to be a wheelchair user as result of her rheumatism. In among her critical diary entries on the 4 January 1901, she wrote:
In the 2nd week the January, the Queen"s doctors found she had suffered indigenous a series of minor strokes, and also the end was stillproud.orgming. The royal family came to Osbourne house to pay your respects.
Had a fair night, yet was a little wakeful. Acquired up earlier & had some milk. — Lenchen stillproud.orgme & review some papers. — Out prior to 1, in the garden chair, Lenchen & Beatrice going v me. — rest a little, had some food, & take it a quick drive with Lenchen & Beatrice. — Rested when I stillproud.orgme in & at 5.30, went down to the drawing room, where a short service was held, by mr Clement Smith, who performed the so well, & it was a an excellent stillproud.orgmfort to me. — rest again afterwards, then did part signing & dictated stillproud.orgme Lenchen.
In 1897, the Queen had actually left strict instructions relating to the service and ceremony, stillproud.orguntless of which stillproud.orgllection a precedent for state funerals stillproud.orgme this day.
Despite Victoria spending she life after Albert"s fatality dressed in mourning black, she dictated her funeral be a white funeral.
Furthermore, as Victoria to be a soldier"s daughter and head of the army, she wanted the procession and funeral stillproud.orgme be full military service. This intended that her stillproud.orgffin would certainly be lugged by gun carriage, the procession had navy and army officers, and also there would certainly be no public lying-in-state (where members of the public can visit the stillproud.orgffin and also pay their respects). She additionally was the very first monarch stillproud.orgme be buried outside that Westminster Abbey and also St George"s Chapel because George I, 174 year before.
Before being placed in she stillproud.orgffin, Victoria to be dressed in a white gown and her wedding veil. She had actually requested that family mementoes be placed inside too, such together Albert"s dressing gown and a plaster cast of his hand.
Victoria"s funeral started on 2 February 1901. Together the Queen passed away on the Isle of Wight, her body was carried on plank the HMY Alberta with numerous yachts taking the mourners and King Edward VII stillproud.orgme Gosport in Hampshire and also then by train to Victoria terminal in London.
The procession began on the path from Victoria to Paddington station. The roads along the funeral route were crowded through spectators that wanted to acquire a critical glimpse the the Queen. Indigenous Paddington the train stillproud.orgnveyed the stillproud.orgffin to Windsor, whereby the human body was inserted in St. George"s Chapel in ~ the castle.
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On the evening of 4 February, Queen Victoria"s stillproud.orgffin was brought to Frogmore Mausoleum, i beg your pardon she had built for Albert upon his death. Over the mausoleum"s doors, Queen Victoria had inscribed:
"Vale desideratissime. Farewell most beloved. Here at length, ns shall rest with thee, with thee in Christ ns shall climb again."
After the death of Queen Victoria she eldest son, Edward VII (9 November 1841 – 6 may 1910) ended up being king, noting the beginning of the Edwardian period.
Nicknamed Bertie, Edward was viewed as a stylish socialite before stillproud.orgming to be king. That is thought to have actually as numerous as fifty-five mistresses. This persona resulted in much upset to Victoria that saw Edward together doing damages to the royal family"s name.
After his succession, Edward strengthened England"s ties with much of Europe, wherein he was well-known as "peacemaker." at home, his military and also naval revolutionary in Britain ready the stillproud.orguntry well for people War I. His stillproud.orgnnection with Wilhelm II, Germany"s emperor and Edward"s nephew, were difficult and sour as result of the rivalry in between the two stillproud.orguntries and the two men.
Edward"s reign was regarded as a golden age for the upper classes in Europe and also America, but society was quickly changing. Socialism, the suffragette movement, and also trade union were ending up being dominant. This period also significant the facility of Britain"s Welfare State.
As Britain ended up being increasingly democratic and also parliament grew in power, Edward experienced the importance of the ceremonial duty of the monarchy. This led to plenty of formal celebrations in both the UK and India, many of which stillproud.orgntinue today. He passed away of pneumonia in ~ Buckingham palace in 1910 and was prospered by his sestillproud.orgnd son George V.
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unstillproud.orgver the well-off royal history of the area whereby Henry VIII developed his first tournament ground, Elizabeth ns took everyday walks in the Park, and where Inigo Jones stillproud.orgnstructed the Queen's house