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Consul, Latin Consul, plural Consules, in ancient Rome, one of two people of the two highest possible of the plain magistracies in the old Roman Republic. After the autumn of the emperors (c.

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509 bc) the consulship kept regal power in a default form. Pure authority was expressed in the consul’s imperium (q.v.), but its arbitrary exercise was limited: the consuls, nominated through the Senate and also elected through the civilization in the Comitia Centuriata (a famous assembly), hosted office for just a year, and each consul had power the veto over the rather decisions. After ~ the facility of other magistracies, especially the censorship and tribuneship, consular authority was more limited. Consuls, however, to be in a very real sense the top of state. Lock commanded the army, convened and also presided over the Senate and also the well-known assemblies and also executed your decrees, and also represented the state in international affairs. They retained essential prerogatives in administration and in criminal law, and also their office to be invested v the sella curulis (a unique chair that office) and an escort the 12 lictors. ~ 367 bc at least one that the consuls had actually to it is in a plebeian, though in practice the consulship was usually restricted to wealthy and noble family members with differentiated records of publicly service. Once their state expired, consuls generally were appointed to serve as governors the provinces. These might be and also often were profitable sinecures; in the late years that the republic, provincial governors supplied their endless powers to enrich themselves at every turn. Return the office that consulship remained after the fallen of the republic (27 bc), it had lost many of its former power. The meeting of consuls passed native the hands of the world to the state; later yet it dropped to the emperor to name consuls. See also censor; tribune.