While every initiative has to be made to follow citation layout rules, there may be some discrepancies.Please refer to the ideal style hands-on or other sources if girlfriend have any kind of questions.

You are watching: What was the chief goal of the puritans?

Corrections? Updates? Omissions? allow us know if you have suggestions to enhance this post (requires login).
Feedback divide a type (Required)Factual CorrectionSpelling/Grammar correctionlink CorrectionAdditional InformationOther

Our editors will evaluation what did you do it submitted and determine whether to review the article.

Join stillproud.org"s Publishing partner Program and our ar of experts to acquire a an international audience for your work!

Hear about Gangraena by thomas Edwards, a book attacking the religious division in the city the London after the English polite War
An development to Gangraena (1646) by thomas Edwards, a Puritan clergyman that was sharply vital of those whose theological positions differed native his own.
Courtesy the Folger Shakespeare Library; CC-BY-SA 4.0 (A stillproud.org publishing Partner)See all videos for this article

Puritan hopes were again raised once the Calvinist James vi of Scotland prospered Elizabeth as James i of England in 1603. But at the Hampton Court Conference in 1604 he dismissed the Puritans’ grievances with the phrase “no bishop, no king.” Puritans continued to be under pressure. Some were deprived of their positions; others obtained by with minimal conformity; and also still others, who can not accept compromise, fled England. The pressure for conformity boosted under Charles ns (1625–49) and also his archbishop, william Laud. Nevertheless, the Puritan spirit continued to spread, and also when civil war broke out in between Parliament and Charles in the 1640s, Puritans seized the possibility to urge Parliament and also the nation to renew its commitment with God. Parliament referred to as together a human body of priest to advise it on the federal government of the church, but this body—the Westminster Assembly—was so badly split that that failed to attain reform that church government and also discipline. Meanwhile, the new Model Army, i beg your pardon had beat the royalist forces, feared the the Assembly and Parliament would certainly reach a compromise with King Charles that would destroy their gains for Puritanism, so the seized power and also turned it over to that is hero, Oliver Cromwell. The religious settlement under Cromwell’s Commonwealth enabled for a restricted pluralism the favoured the Puritans. A number of radical Puritan teams appeared, consisting of the Levelers, the Diggers, the fifth Monarchy Men, and also the Quakers (the only one of lasting significance).

After Cromwell’s fatality in 1658, conservative Puritans sustained the restoration of King Charles II and a modified episcopal polity. However, they to be outmaneuvered by those that reinstituted Laud’s strictly episcopal pattern. Thus, English Puritanism entered a duration known as the good Persecution. English Puritans do a final unsuccessful effort to for sure their right of a an extensive church during the Glorious Revolution, however England’s religious solution was defined in 1689 by the Toleration Act, which ongoing the developed church together episcopal but additionally tolerated dissenting groups.

In the American colonies

The Puritan best of establish the Holy commonwealth by the establishment of a covenanted ar was brought to the American swarm of Virginia by cutting board Dale, yet the best opportunity came in brand-new England. The original pattern of church company in the Massachusetts Bay nest was a “middle way” in between presbyterianism and Separatism, however in 1648 four new England Puritan colonies jointly adopted the Cambridge Platform, developing a congregational kind of church government.


Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay swarm walking come church in the snow.

The new England Puritans fashioned the civil republic according to the structure of the church. Only the elect could vote and rule. As soon as this raised troubles for second-generation residents, they embraced the Half-Way Covenant, which allowed baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share the privileges that church membership. Other variations that the Puritan experiment were established in Rhode Island by i get it Williams, who was banished native the Massachusetts just colony, and also in Pennsylvania by the Quaker william Penn.

See more: 2016 Hot Wheels Treasure Hunt List With Variations, Boom Box Hot Wheels 2016 Super Treasure Hunt

The editor of Encyclopaedia stillproud.orgThis write-up was many recently revised and updated by Melissa Petruzzello, combine Editor.