The Receiving Stage

The very first stage that the listening procedure is the receiving stage, which entails hearing and also attending.

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Key Takeaways

Key PointsHearing is the physiological process of registering sound waves together they fight the eardrum.Attending is the process of correctly identifying certain sounds we hear together words.Attending also involves gift able come discern breaks between words, or decided segmentation.Key TermsHearing: The physiological procedure of registering sound waves together they fight the eardrum.Attending: The process of that s right identifying certain sounds as words.Receiving stage: The first stage that the hearne process, which entails hearing and attending.

The Receiving Stage

The very first stage of the listening process is the receiving stage, which entails hearing and attending.


Use her Ears!: The first stage the the listening process is receiving.


Hearing is the physiological procedure of registering sound waves as they fight the eardrum. As noticeable as it may seem, in stimulate to effectively gather details through listening, us must very first be able to physically listen what we’re hearne to. The clearer the sound, the simpler the listening process becomes.

Paired v hearing, attending is the other fifty percent of the receiving stage in the hearne process. Attending is the process of that s right identifying and interpreting particular sounds us hear together words. The sounds we hear have actually no meaning until we offer them their an interpretation in context. Listening is an active process that constructs an interpretation from both verbal and nonverbal messages.

The obstacles of Reception

Listeners are frequently bombarded with a range of listening stimuli every at once, therefore they must differentiate which that those stimuli are speech sounds and also which are not. Reliable listening requires being may be to focus in ~ above speech sounds while disregarding various other noise. For instance, a train passenger the hears the captain’s voice over the loudspeaker understands the the captain is speaking, then deciphers what the captain is saying despite other voices in the cabin. Another example is do the efforts to hear to a friend tell a story if walking under a liven street. In stimulate to ideal listen to what she’s saying, the listener demands to ignore the ambient street sounds.

Attending likewise involves gift able to discern human speech, also known together “speech segmentation. “1 identifying auditory stimuli together speech yet not gift able to rest those speech sounds down into sentences and also words would certainly be a fail of the hearne process. Discerning speech segmentation have the right to be a more daunting activity as soon as the listener is faced with an unfamiliar language.


The knowledge Stage

The expertise stage is the stage throughout which the listener determines the context and also meanings that the indigenous that room heard.


Learning Objectives

Define the expertise stage of the listening process


Key Takeaways

Key PointsThe understanding stage is the 2nd stage in the hearne process.Determining the paper definition and meaning of every word is necessary to understanding a sentence.Understanding what us hear is essential to gathering information.Asking inquiries can assist a listener far better understand a speaker’s blog post or main point.Key TermsUnderstanding stage: The stage of listening during which the listener identify the context and meanings that the indigenous that room heard.comprehension: The totality the intentions or attributes, characters, marks, properties, or qualities, that the object possesses; the totality of intentions that space pertinent to the paper definition of a provided discussion.

Stages that Listening: The knowledge Stage


Puzzled: after ~ receiving information through listening, the following step is knowledge what you heard.


The second stage in the listening process is the knowledge stage. Knowledge or understanding is “shared meaning between parties in a interaction transaction” and constitutes the very first step in the listening process. This is the stage throughout which the listener identify the context and also meanings of the words that or she hears. Identify the paper definition and meaning of individual words, and also assigning an interpretation in language, is necessary to understanding sentences. This, in turn, is vital to understanding a speaker’s message.

Once the listeners understands the speaker’s key point, they can begin to kind out the rest of the details they space hearing and also decide whereby it belonging in their psychological outline. For example, a politics candidate listens to her opponent’s arguments to know what plan decisions that foe supports.

Before acquiring the big picture that a message, it have the right to be daunting to emphasis on what the speaker is saying. Think about walking right into a lecture course halfway through. Girlfriend may instantly understand the words and sentences that you space hearing, yet not instantly understand what the lecturer is prove or even if it is what you’re listening in the minute is a main point, next note, or digression.

Understanding what us hear is a huge part of our day-to-day lives, specifically in terms of gathering simple information. In the office, human being listen to their superiors for instructions around what they room to do. At school, students hear to teachers to learn brand-new ideas. We listen to politics candidates offer policy speeches in bespeak to recognize who will get our vote. However without knowledge what us hear, nobody of this day-to-day listening would relay any kind of practical information to us.

One tactic for better understanding a speaker’s definition is to ask questions. Questioning questions enables the listener to to fill in any holes that or she may have actually in the mental reconstruction that the speaker’s message.


The evaluating Stage

The evaluating stage is the listening stage during which the listener critically assesses the information they got from the speaker.


Learning Objectives

Define the analyzing stage the the hear process


Key Takeaways

Key PointsThe listener assesses the details they have actually gathered indigenous the speaker both qualitatively and quantitatively.Evaluating permits the listener to form an opinion the what lock heard.Evaluating is crucial for a listener in terms of how what she’s heard will impact her very own ideas, decisions, actions, and/or beliefs.Key Termstangential: just touching, referring to a tangent, only indirectly related.Evaluating stage: The stage of the listening process during i m sorry the listener critically assesses the info they obtained from the speaker.assess: to determine, estimate or judge the value of; come evaluate.

The evaluating Stage


Focus: when you know what friend hear, girlfriend can focus in top top the appropriate information.


This phase of the listening procedure is the one throughout which the listener assesses the details they received, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Evaluating permits the listener to form an opinion of what lock heard and, if necessary, to begin emerging a response.

During the analyzing stage, the listener determines even if it is or no the details they heard and understood indigenous the speak is well built or disorganized, biased or unbiased, true or false, far-reaching or insignificant. They additionally ascertain how and why the speaker has come increase with and conveyed the article that lock delivered. This might involve considerations that a speaker’s personal or skilled motivations and goals. For example, a listener may identify that a co-worker’s vehement condemnation of an additional for jamming the copier is factually correct, but may additionally understand that the co-worker’s kid is sick and also that may be placing them top top edge. A voter who listens to and also understands the points do in a politics candidate’s stump speech can decide even if it is or no those points to be convincing enough to earn your vote.

The evaluating stage wake up most successfully once the listener totally understands what the speaker is trying come say. While us can, and also sometimes do, form opinions of information and ideas that us don’t fully understand—or even that we misunderstand—doing for this reason is not regularly ideal in the lengthy run. Having a clear expertise of a speaker’s message enables a listener to evaluate that message without acquiring bogged down in ambiguities or safety unnecessary time and energy addressing point out that may be tangential or otherwise nonessential.

This stage of an important analysis is crucial for a listener in terms of exactly how what castle heard will impact their own ideas, decisions, actions, and/or beliefs.


The Responding Stage

The responding phase is when the listener gives verbal and/or nonverbal reactions to what she hears.


Learning Objectives

Define the responding stage of the hear process


Key Takeaways

Key PointsThe speak looks for responses from the listener to identify if her article is being understood and/or considered.When a listener responds verbally come what she hears, the speaker/listener roles are reversed.Based on the listener’s responses, the speak can select to either adjust or proceed with the distribution of she message.Key TermsResponding stage: The listening stage wherein the listener offers verbal and/or nonverbal reaction to what she hears.

The Responding Stage

The responding stage is the stage of the listening process wherein the listener offers verbal and/or nonverbal reactions based on short- or irreversible memory. Complying with the mental stage, a listener deserve to respond come what castle hear either verbally or non-verbally. Nonverbal signal can encompass gestures such as nodding, do eye contact, tapping a pen, fidgeting, scratching or cocking their head, smiling, rolling their eyes, grimacing, or any other human body language. These type of responses have the right to be shown purposefully or involuntarily. Responding verbally might involve asking a question, requesting additional information, redirecting or an altering the focus of a conversation, cutting off a speaker, or repeating what a speaker has said ago to her in order come verify that the received blog post matches the to plan message.

Nonverbal responses favor nodding or eye contact enable the listener to communicate their level of attention without interrupting the speaker, thereby maintaining the speaker/listener roles. When a listener responds verbally to what castle hear and also remember—for example, through a inquiry or a comment—the speaker/listener roles are reversed, at least momentarily.

Responding adds action to the hear process, which would otherwise it is in an outwardly passive process. Oftentimes, the speaker looks because that verbal and also nonverbal responses from the listener to identify if and also how their blog post is being understood and/or considered. Based on the listener’s responses, the speak can pick to either change or proceed with the distribution of she message. For example, if a listener’s brow is furrowed and their arms are crossed, the speaker may recognize that she demands to lighten your tone to better communicate your point. If a listener is smiling and also nodding or questioning questions, the speaker may feel that the listener is engaged and also her article is being connected effectively.


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The listener: by holding she hand as much as her chin, this mrs is providing a nonverbal signal that she is concentrating top top what the speaker (not pictured) is saying.


Key Takeaways

Key PointsMemory is vital throughout the hear process.Memory allows the speaker placed what she hears in the paper definition of what she’s heard before.Using information instantly after receiving it enhances information retention.Distracted or mindless hearne reduces details retention.Key Termsmemory: The ability of an biology to record information about things or occasions with the facility of recalling them later at will.recall: Memory; the ability to remember.Remembering stage: The phase of hear wherein the listener categorizes and retains the info she’s collection from the speaker.

The remembering Stage


Memory: remembering what girlfriend hear is crucial to reliable listening.


In the listening process, the remembering phase occurs together the listener categorizes and also retains the info she’s gathered native the speaker for future access. The result–memory–allows the human to document information around people, objects and events for later on recall. This wake up both during and after the speaker’s delivery.

Memory is necessary throughout the listening process. We depend on our memory to fill in the blanks as soon as we’re listening and to permit us location what we’re hearing at the minute in the context of what we’ve heard before. If, because that example, girlfriend forgot everything that you heard automatically after friend heard it, you would not have the ability to follow along with what a speaker says, and also conversations would certainly be impossible. Moreover, a friend that expresses fear around a dog she look at on the sidewalk front can aid you recall the the friend started the conversation through her childhood storage of being attacked by a dog.

Remembering previous info is an essential to moving forward. Similarly, do associations to past remembered info can assist a listener know what she is at this time hearing in a wider context. In listening to a lecture about the symptoms of depression, because that example, a listener could make a link to the description of a personality in a novel that she review years before.

Using information instantly after receiving it boosts information retention and also lessens the forget curve, or the price at which we no longer retain information in our memory. Conversely, retention is lessened when we interact in mindless listening, and tiny effort is make to understand a speaker’s message.

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Because anyone has various memories, the speaker and the listener may affix different definitions to the exact same statement. In this sense, establishing typical ground in terms of context is exceptionally important, both for listeners and speakers.