Political machineswere organized groups ofdishonest politicians who had actually two main goals: acquire the group"s very own candidates electedto every one of the top work in the city government. Oncein regulate of the city government, use that strength to make the leadersof the organization rich. The top man in a political device was calledthe city "Boss." The many famous example was william M. Tweed,shown on the right. From roughly 1860 till 1872, BossTweedran a political device that had control of new YorkCity"s government.
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To victory elections, a political an equipment depended mostly onthevotes the the immigrants pouring right into America"s cities. Theorganization would have actually supporters in every the city"sneighborhoods. They would accomplish newimmigrants and give them helpof assorted kinds, such as assist finding a task or a ar to live. Onelection day, the machine"s supporters would certainly make certain the immigrantsknew that to vote for to return the favor. The drawing in the newspaper listed below shows BossTweed"s political an equipment signing up a team of immigrants simply beforean election. At times, political machines used fraud towin elections. For example, pendant of the organizationcould be sent to poll multiple time in different neighborhoodsusing different names at each voting place.
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as soon as in regulate of the city"s top elected offices, acity boss had countless ways of make money. He might demand bribesfrom enterprise that wanted to gain city contract for work like pavingcity streets, for example. In the caseof boss Tweed, he and also his height associates additionally stole countless dollarsright from the city"s own financial institution accounts. One famous instance of ceo Tweed"s demands for bribes isthe Brooklyn bridge in brand-new YorkCity. As soon as a group of civilization who want to develop the bridgeneededapproval native city officials, Tweed inquiry a big bribe to makeit happen. Tweed also demanded that he be made a part owner of thebridge company itself. The bribe money to be paid, Tweed was made personally owner that the company, and also the approval to be given.
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Tweed was finally exposed because that his crime bynewspaper reporters. That was very first arrested in1871. Hewas later convicted, and died in jail in 1878. The famouspolitical cartoon listed below shows the ghostof ceo Tweedstill haunting his jailcell year later. An alert the sign in the cartoon speak thatbribery andcorruption (dishonest government) were still common in new York evenwith boss Tweed dead and gone.
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ceo Tweed and also his politics machine,known asTammany Hall, go some an excellent things for new York City. The pushedfor real enhancements to the city"s schools, hospitals, roads, andthe city water system. supporters of the organization made it apoint come give help tothe immigrants and other negative people of the city. That help, nomatter exactly how small, would be remembered because that a lengthy time. As soon as Tweeddied,thousands of brand-new Yorkers attended his funeral. even after boss Tweed was gone, theTammany room political device remained a component of new YorkCity life and also elections until the 1930s.
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The photos and the cartoons space from the Library ofCongress.The NYC / Brooklyn Bridge shade photo that is presented with the attach isfrom the library"s Carol M. Highsmith collection. Some images have actually been edited or resized for this page.