If proportional representation primaries space fairer to the public, why might some state parties pick not to embrace them?

They can lengthen the nomination process.

You are watching: Why is walter lippmann credited with spurring the growth of public opinion polling?

On Table 11.2, who Identifies together a Democrat? A Republican?, Hispanics room most most likely to determine as __________.


The federal federal government has worked to regulate project finance __________.

for much more than a century

Which of the complying with was a prominent attribute of the era called the "Golden Age" of political parties?

political machines

What is lobbying?

Communicating with government officials to guide them to support a certain policy position.

Two species of errors are typical to polls. What room they?

Margin that error and sampling error.

Which is a major reason that news cameras are not enabled in the can be fried Court?

to avoid politicization of Court activity.

What is a political action committee (PAC)?

An company that solicits campaign contributions and also distributes them to politics candidates.

Which amendment gotten rid of the choice of U.S. Senators indigenous the hands of state legislators and placed it in the hands of citizens?

The seventeenth amendment.

Political activity committees (PACs) are an attractive choice for campaign contributions due to the fact that __________.

they incorporate many separation, personal, instance contributions, resulting in one big contribution that is better than what one individual might do alone.

What commonly precedes a significant party realignment?

critical election.

According to the "Explore your World" attribute box, Rwanda at this time has the greatest percentage of woman lawmakers in the world. You deserve to infer native this statistic that __________.

the quota device put in location by Rwandan ladies writing the new constitution has worked.

As disputed in the "Take a Closer Look" box, what has actually a far-ranging impact top top a news agency’s capacity to influence what is discussed at a White residence press briefing?

seat assignments in the briefing room.

Of the adhering to public opinion poll topics, i beg your pardon is more likely 보다 the others to be topic to a screening procedure?

the federal budget

In 1964, which candidate do the efforts too tough to appeal come his party’s activists and lost the election as a result?

Barry Goldwater

What is the distinction between simple random sampling and stratified sampling?

Stratified sampling combine random choice with predetermined weighting the a population’s demography characteristics, whereas arbitrarily sampling walk not.

What is the ax for adjust in publicly opinions and also voting preferences brought about by media coverage?

media effects

In 1948, the Chicago Tribune mistakenly predicted that Republican cutting board E. Dewey would certainly beat incumbent chairman Harry S. Truman. Learning what girlfriend know about the accuracy of miscellaneous polls, what kind of poll would many likely have actually led the Chicago Tribune to do this erroneous prediction?

a straw poll

One of the most simple methods of canvassing is __________.

going door to door to solicit votes

Which of the complying with events during the 2012 general election resulted in consternation for President Obama’s campaign?

the strike on the U.S. Consulate in Benghazi

Which of the complying with is an instance of a public interest group?

a customer rights group

What is claimed of a successful presidential candidate that helps members of congress get chosen as well?

The president has actually long coattails.

When is the initiative process the most useful?

when a state legislature wants to stop a controversial vote on raising taxes

"All federal government rests on windy opinion." where is this sentiment expressed?

in The Federalist Papers

Which demography group currently most closely identifies v the autonomous Party?

African Americans

The first penny press record was referred to as the __________.

New York Sun

A form of journalism, well-known in the late nineteenth century, special pictures, comics, color, and sensationalized, oversimplified news coverage was referred to as __________.

yellow journalism

In the White house Press Room, which team would you find closest come the podium?

wire services

What institutional feature of U.S. Politics prevents the success of 3rd parties?

the electoral college

If you are attempting to affect the political procedure through too much measures, such together boycotts and picketing, you space engaging in __________.

unconventional political participation

What key issue resulted in the resolution of the Whig party?

slavery in the South

The 1996 Telecommunications Act result in broadened media services. What helped broaden media solutions in the nineteenth century?

cheap paper

Campaign advertisements can work both because that and against a candidate in what ways?

Ads supply the preferred message, but news media room increasingly evaluating and reporting on their accuracy.

President __________ is as close come a nonpartisan chairman as modern America has ever had.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Americans’ opinion of the news media has become __________.

Increasingly unfavorable in current years.

According come the feature "How room People associated in Politics?" i m sorry of the adhering to is the political activity in which people most often engage?

signing a document petition

What school is responsible because that electing the president of the

joined States?

Electoral College

The most dominant feature of classic media coverage of campaigns is __________.

coverage that the "horse race"

Which of the complying with is a supplication of the honest Leadership and also Open federal government Act of 2007?

lobbying disclosure requirements

Modern American politics liberals generally believe that __________.

The government should carry out social programs

In her American government class, you find out that most Americans’ level of knowledge about background and national politics is fairly low and is declining every year. You likewise learn that political knowledge and also political participation have a reciprocal impact on one another. I beg your pardon of the complying with statements aligns through the statements presented in this scenario?

In the future, the level of political participation in America is most likely to walk down.

In bespeak to get over the totally free rider problem, countless interest groups offer product benefits. What are product benefits?

benefits given only to group members

Which is true that citizens who are highly interested in politics?

They constitute come a little percentage of the population.

When extending Congress, reporters typically focus on i beg your pardon of the following?

party leaders

How many electoral votes are necessary to be elected president?


You space a plan analyst in the department of Energy. You to be just available a task with a renewable power company. How long have to you wait before you can lobby the department of energy on instead of of your new employer?

2 years

The brief, clever quotes that candidates hope will certainly be replayed after media events are well-known as __________.

sound bites

Runoff primaries __________.

blur the line between primary and general elections

Which type of survey concern is finest suited to addressing concerns around errors in windy opinion polling resulting from challenge in measure up intensity?

"feeling thermometer" questions

Which the the adhering to is the clearest instance of a press poll question?

Would you provide of the candidate’s vote for the antipoverty bill if girlfriend knew the the candidate never ever read the legislation?

What is a public interest group?

A team that functions to gain benefits for culture as a whole.

You space the leader of an eco-friendly organization functioning to attend to the problem of climate change. Offered the complimentary rider problem, what would be the most effective method to get others to sign up with your cause?

Offer an incentive, such as a t-shirt, come those who sign up with the campaign.

If a state wanted to rise its affect in the presidential nomination, what might the state do?

frontload the primaries

Candidates’ efforts to accomplish as numerous voters as feasible are __________.

to some degree symbolic

Which democratic duty of political parties was missing until the beforehand twentieth century and also has offered voters higher input right into politics?

primary elections

Modern tabloids space most similar to __________.

yellow journalism

Deep throat of the Watergate scandal was which kind of journalistic source?

deep background

Which news medium has had the hardest time maintaining up with modern technological developments?


Which branch the the U.S. Government interacts very small with the media?


One reason that candidates visit countless localities is come __________.

motivate find activists

When can a party change its platform?

during the national party convention

What is the purpose of a "name acknowledgment survey"?

to find how many world have heard that a potential candidate for office

One of the various ways in i m sorry parties contribute to autonomous governance is by __________.

running candidates

Which is one trouble with digital voting discussed in her text?

access for lower-income Americans

The media is additionally known as the __________.

fourth estate

According to your text, what is the basic purpose of elections?

to confer legitimacy ~ above government

Which that the complying with is an facet of a politics party’s company at the state level?

congressional ar committees

In new York times Co. V. U.S. (1971) the can be fried Court affirmed the principle of __________.

prior restraint

The years 1860-1928 witnessed the ascendancy of which party?


Imagine you are a journalist spanning a scandal the may destroy a member the Congress. You obtain your info from a resource at the department of Justice. In your story, you make no referral to the source’s name or to the department of Justice. This resource is __________.

on deep background

When they become ten or eleven, what political opinion of autonomous presidents would certainly you suppose of children raised in politically energetic Republican households?

that they would certainly be more skeptical of democratic presidents 보다 Republican ones

In terms of speaking to the press on behalf of Congress, __________ command center stage as soon as subjects in their domain room newsworthy, periodically achieving fame.

key committee chairs

Since the 1980s, American publicly opinion the the credibility of news media has __________.

lowered significantly

As a pollster for smart Polling, you space concerned about gauging the public’s attitudes around arms-control policy, since you think that the general public not just has small information on this complex topic but likewise has thought tiny about it. What procedure can you implement come decrease the inaccuracy of your polling data because of this lack the information?

a screening procedure

Why to be Madison an especially concerned around factions in Federalist No. 10?

He thought that factions pursuing your self-interest would work against the more comprehensive public interest.

At what age do parents exercise the greatest influence top top the politics socialization of their children?

from bear to period 5

Which Amendment come the U.S. Constitution lowered the voting age to eighteen?


Most candidates to run in a basic election often tend to move their campaigns toward the __________.

ideological center

How can pluralism offer to improve democracy?

by ensuring that no solitary interest becomes dominant

What is a potential fence of narrowcasting?

It allows people to neglect news contradicting your points that view.

According to Table 12.5, i m sorry of the complying with reasons perform voters most often give for not voting?

too busy

What serves together the glue the holds with each other the disparate elements of the U.S. Governmental and political apparatus?

the politics parties

A critical election is typically linked with __________.

electoral realignment

Married voters today space most likely to determine as __________.


Referring come the info in Table 14.1, if you to be a autonomous strategist, and you want your blog post to mobilize the biggest number of your supporters, on i m sorry media outlet would certainly you operation your advertisements?

local TV news

How did numerous city-dwellers and also European immigrants view political parties throughout the so late nineteenth and also early twentieth centuries?

as purveyors that housing, employment, and food

Since the __________, governmental decision makers have actually relied heavily on public opinion polls.


Leslie is a white, middle-class mommy of two, who works together a librarian in the public library mechanism of a huge city in the American West. She is 57 year old. Offered her demography profile and also the details presented in Table 10.1 on distinctions in the politics opinions of women and men, i m sorry of the adhering to statements around her political opinions would certainly pollsters intend to be true?

Leslie believes that American armed forces interventions room usually a negative idea.

How does the textbook prize this question: why are timeless telephone polls ending up being increasingly complicated to conduct?

Many world do not have landlines

One of the primary risks of the nomination campaign is that __________.

candidates can become too ideologically extreme

What is one amicus curiae brief?

a written dispute submitted to a court in assistance of one side of a case

Which candidate, to run in 1796, was illustrated as an atheist and also a coward?

Thomas Jefferson

Considering the large number that candidates for the Republication nomination in 2012 and the numerous debates among these candidates, what could you have actually expected the Mitt Romney’s debate performance in the general election?

Romney would do an extremely well because he had actually been debating his points because that months.

A public official has the most manage over the spin of his or her blog post __________.

in a push release

Why do tiny interest groups have an less complicated time enrolling potential members than big interest groups?

In a little group, any kind of individual’s re-superstructure of the collective an excellent may be an excellent enough to make it rational because that him or she to join.

The __________ is a measure of the accuracy the a windy opinion poll.

margin that error

A gradual shift in party coalitions that is based an ext on demographic shifts 보다 on shocks come the political mechanism is known as a __________ realignment.


According come the information in the "How Has campaign Financing readjusted Over Time?" feature, the supervisor PAC that spent the most in the 2012 election __________.

was a Republican group

How are 3rd parties normally significant?

They push major parties to incorporate brand-new ideas or elucidate existing ones.

Why are some world concerned about electronic voting?

Electronic voting can increase election fraud

Which that the following statements, if true, would confirm the concept of pluralism?

Elected officials seek out the opinions of lot of interest teams when developing policy.

Which is an exception to the equal time rule?

News stations might exclude third party candidates from debates

The U.S. Media has actually a an excellent deal that journalistic freedoms guaranteed by law, but its that company ownership subjects it to pressure from __________.

the market

How deserve to redistricting threaten incumbent members the Congress?

It can pit incumbents versus one another.

Since 1952, researchers at the college of Michigan have performed surveys to assess the politics attitudes and behavior of the American electorate. Through what name is this study known?

National election Studies

How go lobbying Congress differ from lobbying the justice branch?

Lobbyists frequently meet personally through members of Congress, whereas lock cannot accomplish with judges.

The __________ problem occurs when people fail to join a group since they can get the services the team offers without contributing come the group’s efforts.

free rider

Which of the following is an example of grassroots/outside lobbying?

a petition sent to to represent in Congress

A candidate with restricted funds available would most most likely want to build a employee consisting the __________.

a campaign manager and a huge number of specialized volunteers

How walk the institutional weak of political parties affect voter turnout?

voters are far-off from and also do not identify with weak parties

A project looking for assistance from various political activity committees would discover that __________.

support would be much more readily obtainable from a 527 group if the candidate is a Democrat

What go the moral Leadership and Open government Act that 2007 achieve?

a half on gifts and also honoraria come members that Congress and their staffs

What was one result of nineteenth century muckraking?

popular demand for anti-trust regulations

Of the following, i m sorry is considered a demography characteristic?


If you want to enhance voter turnout, i m sorry of the complying with would you suggest?

turning election Day into a nationwide holiday

In a random sample of 1,000 high-school students, 29 percent shown that they had actually read the declaration of self-reliance at the very least once. If the margin of error is calculated to be 4 percent, i m sorry of the following statements is much more likely 보다 the others to it is in true?

If the poll were carried out again, the percent of those questioned who have actually read the declaration of independence would most likely be between 25 and 33 percent.

A live engagement through the press, in i m sorry the selection of inquiries is limited, is dubbed a __________.

press briefing

Based ~ above the info in the "Explore your World" bar chart, what nation would you think is least likely to have a woman head of government in the foreseeable future?


Why is Walter Lippmann attributed with spurring the growth of publicly opinion polling?

Lippmann composed a book in i beg your pardon he observed that research on public opinion was much too limited, specifically in light of its importance

The most visible instrument that parties use to formulate, convey, and promote public policy is __________.

its platform

If you to be a project manager trying come target the largest populace of most likely voters, at which place would you imply your candidate campaign?

at the local an elderly citizens association

Suppose you space a candidate and you desire to re-craft your campaign message. V which of the adhering to staff members would you MOST likely work very closely to produce a compelling and also effective message?

communications director

A command, suggested by one electorate’s votes, for the chosen officials to carry out a party communication or policy agenda is known as a (an) __________.


Why execute interest groups generally offer material benefits to their members?

to get rid of the complimentary rider/collective activity problem

What room "feeling thermometer" questions?

questions that ask respondents just how they feel about a certain issue by making use of a 0-to-100 scale

Which of the following religious groups maintains the most regular voting patterns?

Jewish voters

How walk a delegate end up being a representative to a party convention?

selection through citizens

George Gallup undoubtedly had actually a vested attention in promoting reliance on publicly opinion polls. Why?

He was a pollster

According to the "How space People associated in Politics?" feature, a human who believes the or she has no to speak in government is the very least likely to connect in i beg your pardon of these activities?

sign a record petition

The __________ is an instance of means in i beg your pardon the Federal interactions Commission works to ensure the the airwaves "serve the general public interest, convenience, and also necessity."?

equal time rule

"Are American Political next Polarized?" argues that both major political parties are relocating ideologically __________.

apart, yet Republicans are much more extremely polarized

AIM and FAIR room __________.

partisan watchdogs the the media, checking the accuracy of news stories

When a news outlet prefer the wall Street journal reports a story native the secretary of commerce, that story is said to be what?

on the record

Front-loading benefits __________.

front runners

The role of campaign consultants has become so necessary in today’s campaigns since __________.

candidates need specialists to help them make the most of fund-raising, media relations, and also Internet outreach

According to the "Explore her World" feature, one method that numerous countries ensure the candidates stand for the entire population is by __________.

adopting quotas the mandate a particular percentage of candidates come indigenous traditionally underrepresented groups

What to be a an essential contributor come the rare security in Republican and also Democratic political identities throughout the "Golden Age" (1860-1932)?

political machines

A polling firm has actually been commissioned by the brand-new York times to evaluate public opinion about the performance of FEMA (the federal Emergency administration Agency) during the after-effects of Hurricane Sandy. What must the firm perform first?

determine the content and also phrasing that the concerns they desire answered

How would you go around strengthening political next in the unified States?

Allow a multi-party system

According to Table 12.2, how many states call for no voter registration?


Media effects is the term used for changes in__________ due to the influence of news sources.

public opinion

When go the critical political realignment occur, according to most political scientists?


What are few of the major barriers come third-party politics success?

ballot access, campaign finance rules, and voter perception

When a party’s basic of pendant undergoes a an essential and enduring alteration, what is this called?

party realignment

When walk party identification issue most in voting?

in a low visibility election

If you wanted to have the most informed voters during a party nomination, friend would usage which nomination system?


How do political scientists define political socialization?

as the procedure through which individuals acquire their politics beliefs and values

Libertarian, Constitution, and Green Party presidential candidates receive very tiny media coverage, including omission from many debates. This would seemingly it is in a violation of what?

equal time rules

Prospective referee is poll based ~ above __________.

the candidate’s plan promises

Why have National Election researches (NES) researchers carried out surveys before and after every mid-term and presidential election because 1952?

to compile irreversible studies of the electorate

The challenges to the Bipartisan project Reform Act suggest that __________.

special interest groups want to have the ability to support your candidate of choice without gaue won restrictions

When a citizen votes because that candidates from different parties in the very same election he or she is __________.


Unscientific surveys used to gauge windy opinion on a selection of problems are known as what?

straw polls

Proponents that a government that has minor parties might suggest that the united States consider Europe’s system of __________.

proportional representation

Which of the following conditions, if true, would remove the cost-free rider/collective activity problem?

if joining in an interest team were mandatory

Democrats no longer use the winner-take-all primary since __________.

it was usually less representative

As shown in figure 13.2, which shows exactly how PACs clues their project contributions, if friend are difficult an incumbent and also looking for PAC money to assistance your campaign, you deserve to expect to receive __________.

significantly less money 보다 if you were an incumbent

According come the box, "Who own the News Media," end the critical thirty years, media ownership __________.

has consolidated

Grassroots lobbying is ideal defined as __________.

getting the media to cover an issue

What reason does Andrew Kohut, president of the Pew study Center, provide to explain why public opinion polls have become vital players in national and also international politics over the last three decades?

the increase in the variety of public opinion polls

The timeless media __________.

I and III

How carry out some experts explain media inattention to stories critical of government?

The typical journalist is white, male, and affluent.

Which that the adhering to candidates in the 2012 Republican nomination project won the Iowa caucuses?

Rick Santorum

When questioned around their views of politics in Congress, the bulk of__________ expressed your desire for compromise over standing for sure in their beliefs.


The __________ is the formal governing body of both major parties.

national party committee

"Soft news" around politics tends to do viewers’ political behavior more __________.


Party identification is __________.

most figured out by one’s parents and is decreasing in its utility to guess voter behavior

The vital exception come the dominion that state parties are complimentary to act within the limits collection by your state legislatures, without interference indigenous the nationwide party, is in the selection of __________.

national convention delegates

According come the "How Has project Financing changed Over Time" feature, the largest increase in 527 politics committees occurred in which year?


What walk the Pew an international Attitudes survey assess?

the mindsets toward worldwide powers hosted by citizens in a sample that countries

Voting is a kind of __________.

conventional participation

Which the the following surveys is an ext likely than the rather to create self-selection error?

a mail-in inspection of retirement ar members about the privatization the Medicare

When go the Era of good Feelings occur?

as the Federalist Party decreased (1820)

Bloggers, television news anchors, and radio hosts all have what in common?

tendency toward coverage bias

A member that the Electoral college is known as a(n) __________.


Today, many news is written by __________.

citizen journalists

During his project for reelection in 2012, Barack Obama deemphasized his work on health care reform. I beg your pardon of the following reasons is the many plausible explanation for this decision, offered what you know around the interaction between public opinion and policy and politics?

Deep divisions in public opinion ~ above the concern were apparent.

Which that the following is an instance of a faction, asconceptualized by Madison in Federalist No. 10?

an interest group

What is the solitary greatest affect in developing a person’s an initial party identification?


While the nationwide congressional campaign committees job-related to garner an ext seats for their respective parties, the autonomous National Committee and the Republican nationwide Committee focus on __________.

aiding presidential campaigns and conducting general party- structure activities

Which the the complying with statements finest reflects the Framers’ attitudes about public opinion?

Public opinion is potentially counterproductive and also should, therefore, be tempered.

What 1907 law prohibited corporations indigenous making straight contributions to candidates for federal office?

Tillman Act

What execute Americans frequently have difficulty forming opinions about?

about policies that do not influence them personally

What strategy was MOST likely behind Senators john McCain and Russell Feingold working with each other to happen the 2002 campaign finance reform bill?

Having 2 senators work throughout the aisle restricted accusations the partisanship.

Who is thought about the founder of modern-day polling?

George Gallup

The rise of Spanish language television and news programming is an instance of __________.


Even despite a candidate might not approve of an adverse ads, what is one factor he or she could agree to operation them?

A an adverse ad can offer a voter a factor to vote versus an opponent.

What is the main objective of most labor unions?

to defend jobs and secure favorable wages and benefits for their members

What is the MOST likely reason the candidates usage sound bites rather of lengthy explanations of your agendas and also positions?

The news media devote tiny time to project coverage.

How carry out lobbyists generally seek to affect members that Congress?

by providing technical expertise on plan issues

Suppose girlfriend are quite wealthy and contributed money come the campaign of one candidate in a main election, then gave money to another campaign after ~ that first candidate reduce out. You also contributed to the national party committee and also your state party committee, as well as to a political activity committee. By the moment the basic elections come in November, what is the most that you might have contributed?


When a instance that an interest group is interested in, but not actually sponsoring, comes prior to a court, the team can __________.

file one amicus curiae short to current the group’s analysis of the case

What is one reason why incumbents have actually the benefit in elections?

Incumbents often tend to have actually greater quantities of money to invest on campaigns.

Information detailed to a journalist, that will certainly not be attributed to any source, is __________.

deep background

Until 2002, the primary federal regulation of campaign finance emerged according to the __________.

Federal Election project Act

Based on info in figure 13.4 reflecting candidate access time to various states in the 2012 general election campaign, which of the following states did both candidates think about a high priority requiring numerous visits?


Refer to "How execute Demographic Characteristics affect Public Opinion?" and also indicate i beg your pardon is true about how age impacts views on even if it is or no the federal government should insurance every citizen sufficient to eat and also a ar to sleep.

Citizens in between thirty and also forty-nine year old feeling the many strongly that every citizen has enough to eat and a ar to sleep when compared to the other age groups.

See more: Jamie Lee Curtis Ncis ) - Jamie Lee Curtis From Ncis: Great Guest Stars

According to the "Explore her World" feature, in which nation do females lag behind males in both public and also private management positions?


Which the the following is an assumption of pluralism?

Interest teams are integral to federal government decisions.

According to the "Take a Closer Look" crate in your text, i beg your pardon of the adhering to is true if you are a young voter?