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History 17B Lecture 17 A day With the Family Page 3

III. G.I. Bill

A. Return Soldiers

Norman Rockwell

For many soldiers returning from thewar, castle looked forward to safety time through their wives (or marrying if theywere single) and also building a family. For numerous soldiers, it was this thoughtthat continual them through the conflict. Yet coming home afterexperiencing the horrors of war wasn"t easy. What would residence be like afterspending so numerous years away? would certainly their families and also friends acceptthem? would they find a job? they worried about the transition thatthey would have to make. No film from the period better captures that soul than The finest Years of our Lives. In the step below, three soldiers return from the war each have to face their very own fears in return to civilian life.

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B. G.I. Bill

The federal government sought to do thistransition as basic as feasible for both soldiers and the economy. Andamong the most crucial pieces of law that shaped the post-warworkforce was the G.I. Invoice of1944. This bill provided to all returningveterans:

low interest home and also business loans a year"s unemployment compensation economic support to attend college or university for three years

More than 2 million veterans tookadvantage the this bill. It encouraged a transition in the work pressure fromblue-collar to white collar as job-related in areas such as insurance, teaching, stateand local governments, construction, and also retailing all prospered rapidly.

The G.I. Bill"s meaning cannot beoverstated. It accelerated trends the were currently transforming Americainto a prosperous, heavily-middle course suburban nation. It likewise gavewhite males a significant economic benefit over minorities and also women.Because the law detailed for return soldiers, few women could receive anybenefits under the bill.

as for minorities, afri Americans, Latinos,and Asians were hampered through segregation laws that preserved them the end of publicuniversities and also public and private sector jobs. Plenty of minorities, in fact,were left ~ above the spare of the financial prosperity that the 1950s.Management and also sales tasks went nearly exclusively come whites, and unemploymentfor minorities stayed at 10% throughout the decade.

IV. Suburbia

Both the G.I. Bill and also America"s risingprosperity gave millions of americans the chance to own a house rather thanrent one. However after the war, America proficient a terrible housingshortage for returning veterans. World lived with families, double up ingarages and barns - anywhere they can find. Generational conflict wascommon, specifically in regards to kid rearing.

Innovators such as William Levitt easedthis shortage by building mass produced, prefabricated homes. In 1946,Levitt boasted that he can construct a residence on a slab the concrete in 16minutes. For simply under $8,000, a new family can purchase a no frillshouse. Sure, maybe there wasn"t any insulation - yet it had walls and also aroof and that was enough for most people. "Levittowns" startedsprouting increase in new York, Pennsylvania, and new Jersey, and other suburbsfollowed exterior of major urban locations throughout the country.

These suburbs were generally white,middle-class and also Christian. African Americans, Jews and also other minoritieswere no welcome and were preserved out through real estate covenants the the Federalgovernment helped to draw up - allowing neighborhoods come segregate follow to"social and also racial classes." The can be fried Court in 1948 make itillegal for actual estate developers and also agents come restrict housing, but banksrarely made house loans to minorities who sought to live in white neighborhoods.

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The flip next of the suburban eight wasthe decrease of the cities. As white middle class professional fled thecities, so too did many jobs. Highways that city leaders believed wouldbring consumers and also businesses right into their downtowns to be in because that a shock whenthey establish the the opposite happened. Department shop closed up and also beganopening strip malls external the cities. Manufacturing, too, started tofollow workers right into the suburbs. City coffers experienced with the depletionof industries and also well-to-do taxpayers. The only ones left to be the urbanpoor who had actually their public services reduced with the reduction of the taxation base.