The Year of the Elephant (عام الفيل), known in Arabic as the Amu ul-Fil, is the surname in Islamic background for the year around equating come 570 CE. According to Islamic tradition, it remained in this year the Muhammad to be born. The year became known as the Year of the Elephant, start a trend for reckoning the years in the Arabian Peninsula provided until it was replaced with the Islamic calendar during the dominion of Umar.

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Abraha, in Islamic tradition, is thought to have actually launched an expedition of forty thousand men against the Ka‘bah at Mecca. The Christian ruler of Yemen, i m sorry was subject to the Kingdom of Aksum the Ethiopia, marched upon the Kaaba v a big army led through a white elephant called Mahmud (and perhaps with other elephants - some accounts state over there were number of elephants, or even as many as eight) intending to demolish that the Ka‘bah. However, the lead elephant known as Mahmud is stated to have stopped at the boundary about Mecca, and refused to enter. Several various other Arab tribes attempted to fight the on the way, but were defeated.

This event is described in the Qur’an, in Surah 105, Al-Fil (Arabic: الـفِـيـل‎, "The Elephant"). The recommendation to the story in Qur’an is rather short. According to Surah al-Fil, the next day , a dark cloud of small birds named "Ababil" (Arabic: أَبـابـيـل‎) appeared. The birds carried tiny rocks in your beaks, and also bombarded the Ethiopian forces and also smashed them like "eaten straw".



Mecca in ~ the time, the artistic illustration the the boundary wall surface that Mahmud (lead elephant) could have refused to cross. Part scholars have placed the Year that the Elephant one or two decades earlier than 570 CE, v a heritage attributed to Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri in the works of ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San‘ani place it before the birth of Muhammad"s father.

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Traditionally a tiny valley, the Wadi-i Muhassar (وادي محسر), is claimed to be the phase of Abraha"s destrucion, wherein his military was decimated by the Ababīl birds. Wadi Muhassar, additionally known locally as the sink of Fire (وادي النار), is situated in between Mina and also Muzdalifah. The sink is located some ten kilometers eastern of the city that Mecca. It is report to it is in the place where the army of Abraha was damaged as they marched towards Makkah, as discussed in Surah al-Fil. That is a Sunnah to walk briskly v this area as soon as crossing in between the Muzdalifah and also Mina.


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